Dual range pistons for pressure calibration

Dual piston deadweight testers can greatly enhance a lab?s ability to calibrate wide pressure ranges with the best accuracy. With transducers and devices under test (DUTs) that have a wide measuring range, calibration could be a lengthy process, as you must change pistons among test points as a way to calibrate its entire range.
However, a dual piston deadweight tester is equipped with a higher range piston and low range piston, that allows the technician more flexibility and efficiency in terms of calibration. This advancement comes from decades of innovation and customer interaction to locate a solution for industry needs.
Formula for pressure calculations
Since the Industrial Revolution, high accuracy pressure measurement is a key requirement in process industries. Pressure measuring instruments like gauges were employed to measure and monitor pressure conditons. They must be calibrated against instruments of an increased degree of accuracy. Deadweight testers (generally known as pressure balances) are high accuracy instruments found in the calibration of electronic or mechanical pressure instruments. Vanquish of a deadweight tester is really a precisely manufactured piston-cylinder system, onto which a mass load is applied as a way to generate the individual test points in a calibration.
The mass load is proportional to the mark pressure, which is achieved through optimally graduated masses. The look of the entire calibration system, in addition to the precise manufacturing of the piston and cylinder, ensure quality performance with long free-rotation time and low sink rates of the piston. With measurement uncertainties down to 0.002% of reading, deadweight testers are the golden standard in calibration.
A deadweight tester typically includes a single piston-cylinder system. This involves mass sets to be changed so as to calibrate multiple or wide measuring ranges. This may turn into a cumbersome process, one which requires many resources. In 1953, the entity today referred to as DH-Budenberg pioneered the initial dual range piston-cylinder technology with two pistons housed concentrically in one unit. DH-Budenberg was later acquired by WIKA in 2011. The initial design included 1/8 in2 (low pressure) and 1/180 in2 (high pressure) pistons housed in a single unit. Using a single mass-set it had been now possible to create two points of equilibrium at 55 bar (low pressure) and 550 bar (high pressure) respectively. This is followed with the release of high pressure variant that could generate pressure upto 1100 bar.
Explanation dual piston design
The initial dual piston design was largely constructed of tool roll, and had an accuracy of 0.03 % of the pressure being measured in the standard model and 0.05 % in the high pressure model. In dual piston calibration, the load on the reduced pressure piston is used in the auxiliary piston, that is directly linked to the weight carrier. When correct pressure is obtained, the piston head skirt floats within the low range or ?blue band.? To reach ruthless, the pressure is increased and the reduced pressure piston rises until a knife-edge on underneath flange makes a seal contrary to the low pressure cylinder and acts as the high pressure cylinder. Because the low pressure piston does not contribute to the entire weight of the piston and weight carrier, the weight carrier picks up the auxiliary weight to pay. When correct pressure is achieved, the piston head skirt floats within the high range or ?red band.?
This iconic, patented DH-Budenberg red and blue band piston-cylinder system was re-engineered later with both piston and cylinder components manufactured from tungsten carbide. With the refinements in pressure generation and piston manufacturing processes, dual ranges are actually available around 1,400 bar with accuracies right down to 0.006 % of reading.
These developments in dual piston technology made deadweight testers, such as DH-Budenberg?s CPB5800 Hydraulic Pressure Balance, the premier deadweight tester for industrial applications. It is especially ideal for calibrating a transducer with a wide measuring range, while maintaining the high accuracy for testing and calibration. With the use of only a single mass set and calibrating instrument, this system can automatically switch between multiple test points of high and low pressure, making pressure calibration seamless, efficient and economical.
Note
More info on our pressure balances are available on the WIKA website.

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