Donations – An Essential Guide, Part 3

Donations may cause unintended pressure
Donations of Emergency Services tools to the Global South come from all types of sources and contain a big selection of manufacturers of apparatus. Donating entities gather no matter they can and bundle items into shipments that ideally match the wants of the recipient. But the somewhat haphazard donations process can find yourself creating added pressure on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it’s onerous sufficient sustaining a standardized stock of apparatus. But imagine now having a mixture of tools, each with barely totally different traits and attributes – gear, instruments and vehicles with totally different manuals if you have them, completely different spare elements when you need them, specialist technical help if somehow you can get entry to it domestically, and infrequently instructions that aren’t in the native language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I actually have seen donated gear arrive in recipient international locations that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also common is damaged or incomplete equipment; PPE that’s torn, nonetheless dirty with blood, or without thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or inside shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the most typical of all, punctured fireplace hose.
Donations typically come with written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any warranty, guarantee and accountability for accident, damage or mechanical failure after delivery. But legal liability is hardly the most important concern of a recipient division trying to shield its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty circumstances ought to always be met by a donation to ensure it serves its intended purpose.
Lastly, many donors expect the host nation or recipient department to cover some costs – delivery, import duties and flights for volunteers offering training and attending the handover. And whereas there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the a part of the recipient), these prices could be substantial for recipients who in many circumstances can’t afford primary, new assets. These costs put significant pressure on the recipient departments and can end result in donations being caught in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and fees to get the tools ‘released’ to be used.
Are we encouraging risk?
I even have seen many kinds of gear that require common, specialist care and statutory management which have arrived in the palms of overseas personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible standards expected within the nation of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety suits, medical provides, radiation and gas-monitoring devices, traces, lifejackets, vertical rescue gear, etc. all cascade their means down to nations the place they’re used and trusted by these with much less regulatory safety. Firefighters within the Global South aren’t any less courageous than their counterparts in richer countries. The gear they use must nonetheless be protected.
It concerns me – and I even have seen this in the subject – that some kinds of subtle donated tools typically encourage firefighters to sort out emergencies that they don’t have any training or ability to handle. In many circumstances, they expose themselves to far greater risk, as they have neither the expertise nor the training opportunities that Global North responders have.
Responders in rising markets don’t have the luxurious of calling the native energy or gas company to isolate the availability to a property before they enter. They may face stored domestic fuel bottles, unauthorized electricity connections, unlawful constructing requirements, and other hazards that make their operations particularly precarious. But armed with their newly donated equipment, they often assume that they are better protected to enter those risks than earlier than, after they had nothing.
Ask yourself when you would actually be okay with using donated tools that has failed certification or handed its usable date in your own every day emergencies, let alone underneath these circumstances?
Some donor agencies that send their personnel to provide short-term, fundamental training issue their own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance is not the identical as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the international skilled is basically certified to teach them a couple of specific piece of kit. Unless certifications are endorsed or recognized by a genuine standards company within the host nation and the instructors have present qualifications and authorized authority to problem them exterior their very own country, the practice is questionable.
In many ways, skilled steerage is even more essential than the donated tools itself. If we want to stop donation-driven risk taking by Global South first responders, we need to not only donate equipment that’s fit for responsibility but also assist our donations with qualified people on the ground, working hand in hand with the local personnel for an acceptable time period to accurately information and certify users in operations and maintenance.
Donations ought to drive price range
Finally, donations don’t routinely remedy the equipment and coaching void in rising markets, and in some cases, they can actually exacerbate the issue. Global South firefighters asking for foreign aid are doing so as a end result of their local authorities both lack the necessary funds or don’t see their needs as a precedence. But the truth is that in many nations’ governments, officers usually have little understanding of the trade. They assume that donated used items are a handy solution to a budget shortfall. A short-term fix maybe. But in the long run, the goal should be to motivate governments to address the true short- and long-term needs of their Emergency Services personnel and truly invest in the event of quality Emergency Services for their international locations. A quick fix might take the stress off briefly, however the essential dialogue about long-term financing between departments and their governments must be occurring sooner, not later.
In the tip, there is no shortcutting quality. Donations need to be high quality gear, certified for use and ideally, the place possible, the identical or related brands as these getting used presently by recipients. Equipment wants to come back with actual coaching from practitioners with current experience on the gear being received. Recipients must be skilled so the brand new equipment can make them safer, not create extra danger. And donations mustn’t end a conversation about price range – they should be part of a dialog about larger requirements and higher service that relies on quite so much of new, recycled and donated gear that really serves the ever-expanding wants of the worldwide Emergency Services neighborhood.
Please keep เกจวัดความดันpressuregauge out for the fourth and final instalment of this article next month, where I will illustrate elements to think about when making a donation, as properly as suggestions to ensure successful donations you probably can feel happy with.
Chris Gannon
Chris Gannon has spent 29 years within the industry as a national Fire Chief, authorities advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a reputation as a pioneer in reviewing and enhancing Emergency Services around the globe. For more info, please visit or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)
GESA is an international non-profit based in 2020 by chief corporations within the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of companies, consultants and practitioners working collectively to alter the way forward for the worldwide Emergency Services market. We are presently growing our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based device that will join Global South departments with producers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of gross sales and service. For more info, membership inquiries and more, please contact

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